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Grants Pass, OR Information
Grants Pass is a city in, and the county seat of, Josephine County, Oregon, United States. The city is located on Interstate 5, northwest of Medford. Attractions include the Rogue River, famous for its rafting, and the nearby Oregon Caves National Monument located 30 miles (48 km) south of the city. Grants Pass is 256 miles (412 km) south of Portland, the largest city in Oregon. The population was 34,533 at the2010 census.
Early Hudson’s Bay Company hunters and trappers, following the Siskiyou Trail, passed through the site beginning in the 1820s. In the late 1840s, settlers (mostly American) following the Applegate Trail began traveling through the area on their way to the Willamette Valley. The city states that the name was selected to honor General Ulysses S. Grant’s success at Vicksburg. Grants Pass post office was established on March 22, 1865. The city of Grants Pass was incorporated in 1887.
The Oregon-Utah Sugar Company (financed by Charles W. Nibley) was created, leading to a sugar beet factory being built in Grants Pass in 1916. Before the factory opened, Oregon-Utah Sugar was merged into the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company. Due to labor shortages and low acreage planted in sugar beets, the processing machinery was moved to Toppenish, Washington in 1918 or 1919.
Grants Pass is located in the Rogue Valley; the Rogue River runs through the city. U.S. Route 199 passes through the city, and joinsInterstate 5.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.03 square miles (28.57 km2), of which, 10.87 square miles (28.15 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.
True to its motto, “It’s the climate!”, Grants Pass has a Zone 7 climate.
Summer days are sunny, dry and hot but it cools down dramatically at night; the average July high temperature is 90 °F (32 °C) and the low, 53 °F (12 °C). Winters are cool and fairly rainy with only occasional snow; the average January high temperature is 47.5 °F (8.5 °C) and the low, 32.5 °F (0 °C). It receives roughly 30 inches (760 mm) of precipitation per year, with three-quarters of it occurring between November 1 and March 31. The mild winters and dry summers support a native vegetation structure quite different from the rest of Oregon, dominated by madrone, deciduous and evergreen oak, manzanita, pine, chinquapin, and other species that are far less abundant further north.
The record high temperature of 113 °F was on July 23, 1928. The record low temperature of -1 °F was on December 9, 1972 until 1990 when it reached -3 °F. There are an average of 51.3 days annually with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and 77.5 days annually with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower.
Measurable precipitation falls on an average of 110 days annually. The wettest year was 1996 with 55.64 inches (1,413 mm) of precipitation, and the driest year was 1976 with 15.35 inches (390 mm). The most precipitation in one month was 20.63 inches (524 mm) in December 1996. The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours was 5.27 inches (134 mm) on December 29, 1950. There is an average of only 4.6 inches (12 cm) of snow annually. The most snowfall in one month was 34.1 inches (87 cm) in February 1917.
As of the census of 2010, there were 34,533 people, 14,313 households, and 8,700 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,176.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,226.6/km2). There were 15,561 housing units at an average density of 1,431.6 per square mile (552.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.9% White, 0.5% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.5% of the population.
There were 14,313 households of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.